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Home > Resources > Technical Information > Physical Properties of Solvents
Physical Properties of Solvents
Organic SolventsDensity (20 °C)Boiling Point (°C)Melting Point (°C)Flash Point (°C)Viscosity (cp, °C)Dielectric Constant (20 °C)UV Cutoff (nm)Refractive Index
(20 °C)
Misciblity with Water
1,1,2-Trichlorotrifluoroethane1.57047-48-35-0.69-2311.358X
1,2-Dichlorobenzene1.306180-17651.32 (25)9.93 (25)2951.551X
1,2-Dichloroethane1.25683-35150.79-2251.445X
1,3-Dimethyl-2-imidazolinone (DMI)1.056224-2268.2104---1.472O
1,3-Dimethyl-3,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2(1H)-pyrimidinone (DMPU)1.060146 (44 mm Hg)-20121---1.488O
1,4-Dioxane1.034100-10212121.44 (15)2.209 (25)2151.422O
1-Butanol0.810117.7-90352.9517.802151.399P
1-Chlorobutane0.88677-78-123-60.35-2251.402X
1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NMP)1.02881-82 (10 mm Hg)-24861.67 (25)32.002851.470O
1-°Ctanol0.827196-158110.6 (15)-2151.429X
1-Propanol0.80497-127152.2620.1 (25)2101.384O
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane0.69298-99-107-70.501.942151.391X
2-Butanone0.80580-87-30.42 (15)18.503291.379P
2-Chloropyridine1.209168-4664---1.532P
2-Methoxyethanol0.965124-125-85461.7216.902101.402O
2-Methoxyethyl acetate1.009145-6543--2541.402P
2-Methyl-1-propanol0.803108-108274.70 (15)15.8 (25)2001.396X
2-Methyl-2-propanol0.7758325-2611--2151.387O
2-Methylbutane0.62030--56--1921.354X
2-Methylpyridine0.943128-129-7026---1.500O
2-Propanol0.78582.4-89.5222.86 (15)18.3 (25)2101.377O
3-Chloropyridine1.1941486665---1.533P
3-Methyl-1-butanol0.809130-11745--2151.406X
3-Pentanone0.813102-40-49--3301.392X
4-Methyl-2-pentanone0.801117-118-80130.58-3341.396X
Acetic acid (AcOH)1.04911817401.31 (15)6.15-1.372O
Acetic anhydride1.082138-140-7354---1.390-
Acetone0.79156-94-170.3220.7 (25)3301.359O
Acetonitrile0.78682-4850.3737.501901.344O
Benzene0.874806-110.652.282801.501X
Benzonitrile1.010191-13711.24 (25)-3001.528X
Butyl acetate0.882124-126-78220.73-2541.394X
Carbon disulfide1.26646-112-300.37-3801.627X
Carbon tetrachloride1.59477-23-0.972.242631.460X
Chlorobenzene1.106132-45230.802.712871.524X
Chloroform1.49261-64-0.584.812451.446X
Cyclohexane0.779807-180.982.022001.426X
Cyclopentane0.75150-94-370.441.972001.400X
Di(ethylene glycol) diethyl ether0.909180-190-71--2601.412O
Dichloromethane1.32540-97-0.45 (15)9.082331.424X
Diisopropyl Ether (i-Pr2O)0.72468.5-85.5---1.368X
Ethyl ether (Et2O)0.70634.6-116-400.244.342181.353X
Ethyl acetate (EtOAc)0.90277-84-30.466.02 (25)2561.372X
Ethyl alcohol (EtOH)0.81678-114161.10 (25)24.55
(25 )
2051.363O
Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (Glyme)0.86785-5800.46 (25)7.20 (25)2201.379O
Heptane0.68498-91-10.421.922201.387X
Hexamethylphosphoric Triamide (HMPA)1.0272337.2106---1.459O
Hexane0.65969-95-230.311.892001.375X
Hexanes0.67268-70--22--2101.379X
Methyl alcohol (MeOH)0.79164.7-98110.5532.6 (25)2051.329O
Methyl sulfoxide1.10118918.4852.24-2681.479P
m-Xylene0.868138-139-25---1.497X
N,N-Dimethylacetamide (DMAc)0.937165-20702.1437.82681.438O
N,N-Dimethylformide (DMF)0.944153-61570.9236.72681.430O
Nitromethane1.127101.2-29350.67-3801.382X
o-Xylene0.870143-145-23322.572.572881.505X
Pentane0.62635-36-130-490.241.842001.358X
Propylene carbonate1.189240-55132--2351.421P
p-Xylene0.86613812272.272.272901.495X
Pyridine0.978115-42200.9512.3 (25)3301.510O
tert-Butyl methyl ether0.74053-56--320.27-2101.369X
Tetrachloroethylene1.623121-22---2901.506X
Tetrahydrofuran (THF)0.88965-67-108-170.557.602121.407O
Toluene0.865110.6-9340.592.4 (25)2841.496X
Triethylamine (Et3N)0.72889.3-114.7-7---1.401O
Water1.0001000-1.0078.54<1901.333-

O: freely miscible
P: partially miscible
X: practically immiscible (solubility: less than 1%)

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Tel:1-201-478-8534
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Fax: 1-516-927-0118
Address: 2200 Smithtown Avenue, Room 1 Ronkonkoma, NY 11779-7329 USA