Fulton JL1, Linehan JC, Autrey T, Balasubramanian M, Chen Y, Szymczak NK.
J Am Chem Soc. 2007 Oct 3;129(39):11936-49. Epub 2007 Sep 7.X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) is used to determine the structure of the rhodium cluster present during the catalyzed dehydrocoupling of amine boranes under operando conditions. We show how a variety of XAFS strategies can be used in combination with other analytical methods to differentiate homogeneous from heterogeneous systems. Analysis of the in situ XAFS spectra using a series of amine boranes (NH3BH3, R2NHBH3, and RNH2BH3 where R = methyl, isopropyl, tert-butyl, and cyclohexyl) and rhodium catalyst precursor compounds (including chloro-(1,5-cyclooctadiene)rhodium (I) dimer, bis(1,5-cyclooctadiene)rhodium (I) trifluoromethanesulfonate, chlorodicarbonylrhodium (I) dimer, dichloro(pentamethylcylcopentadienyl)rhodium (III) dimer, hexarhodium hexadecacarbonyl, and tetrarhodium dodecacarbonyl) strongly suggest that the active catalyst species for this reaction is a homogeneous rhodium complex. Read More