Apicella B1, Barbella R, Ciajolo A, Tregrossi A.
Chemosphere. 2003 Jun;51(10):1063-9.The determination of the structure of carbon materials is an analytical problem that join the research scientific communities involved in the chemical characterization of heavy fuel-derived products (heavy fuel oils, coal-derived fuels, shale oil, etc.) and of carbon materials (polycyclic aromatic compounds, tar, soot) produced in many combustion processes. The knowledge of the structure of these "difficult" fuels and of the carbon materials produced by incomplete combustion is relevant to research for the best low-environmental impact operation of combustion systems; but an array of many analytical and spectroscopic tools are necessary, and often not sufficient, to attempt the characterization of such complex products and in particular to determine the distribution of molecular masses. Read More