Rational Design of a Stimuli-Responsive Polymer Electrode Interface Coupled with in Vivo Microdialysis for Measurement of Sialic Acid in Live Mouse Brain in Alzheimer’s Disease
Ding S, Cao S, Liu Y, et al.
ACS Sensors, 2017, 2(3): 394-400.
Sensitive and selective monitoring of sialic acid (SA) in cerebral nervous system is of great importance for studying the role that SA plays in the pathological process of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In this work, the authors first reported an electrochemical biosensor based on a novel stimuli-responsive copolymer for selective and sensitive detection of SA in mouse brain. Notably, through synergetic hydrogen-bonding interactions, the copolymer could translate the recognition of SA into their conformational transition and wettability switch, which facilitated the access and enrichment of redox labels and targets to the electrode surface, thus significantly improving the detection sensitivity with the detection limit down to 0.4 pM. Besides amplified sensing signals, the proposed method exhibited good selectivity toward SA in comparison to potential interference molecules coexisting in the complex brain system due to the combination of high affinity between phenylboronic acid (PBA) and SA and the directional hydrogen-bonding interactions in the copolymer. The electrochemical biosensor with remarkable analytical performance was successfully applied to evaluate the dynamic change of SA level in live mouse brain with AD combined with in vivo midrodialysis. The accurate concentration of SA in different brain regions of live mouse with AD has been reported for the first time, which is beneficial for progressing our understanding of the role that SA plays in physiological and pathological events in the brain.