Wu WY1, Liu LJ2, Chang FP3, Cheng YL4, Tsai FY5.
Molecules. 2016 Sep 9;21(9). pii: E1205. doi: 10.3390/molecules21091205.A water-soluble PdCl₂(NH₃)₂/cationic 2,2'-bipyridyl system was found to be a highly efficient catalyst for Stille coupling of aryl iodides and bromides with organostannanes. The coupling reaction was conducted at 110 °C in water, under aerobic conditions, in the presence of NaHCO₃ as a base to afford corresponding Stille coupling products in good to high yields. When aryltributylstannanes were employed, the reactions proceeded smoothly under a very low catalyst loading (as little as 0. Read More