Luo K1, Zhou S, Wu L, Gu G.
Langmuir. 2008 Oct 21;24(20):11497-505. doi: 10.1021/la801943n. Epub 2008 Sep 23.Zirconia (ZrO 2) nanocrystals, synthesized from zirconium(IV) isopropoxide isopropanol complex and benzyl alcohol, were dispersed and functionalized in organic solvents using three kinds of bifunctional silane coupling agents (SCAs), 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS), 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES), and 3-isocyanatopropyltriethoxysilane (IPTES). Completely transparent ZrO 2 dispersions were achieved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) with all three SCAs, in pyridine and toluene with APTES and IPTES, and in N, N-dimethylformamide with IPTES. Read More