He Q1,2, Wang L1, Liang Y3, Zhang Z1, Wnuk SF3.
J Org Chem. 2016 Oct 7;81(19):9422-9427. Epub 2016 Sep 8.Transition-metal-free LiCl-promoted cross-coupling reactions of tetraphenyltin, trichlorophenyl-, dichlorodiphenyl-, and chlorotriphenylstannanes with aryl halides in DMF provided access to biaryls in good to high yields. Up to four phenyl groups were transferred from the organostannanes substrates. The aryls bearing electron-withdrawing groups in either halides or organotin substrates gave coupling products in higher yields. The methodology has been applied for the efficient synthesis of ipriflavones.