Johnston CU1, Clothier LN1, Quesnel DM1, Gieg LM1, Chua G1, Hermann PM2, Wildering WC3.
Chemosphere. 2017 Feb;168:1578-1588. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.11.156. Epub 2016 Dec 5.Naphthenic acids (NAs), a class of structurally diverse carboxylic acids with often complex ring structures and large aliphatic tail groups, are important by-products of many petrochemical processes including the oil sands mining activity of Northern Alberta. While it is evident that NAs have both acute and chronic harmful effects on many organisms, many aspects of their toxicity remain to be clarified. Read More