Lo CC1, Hung MD, Liu CJ.
J Chem Ecol. 1992 Feb;18(2):95-103. doi: 10.1007/BF00993745.An alternative synthesis of (Z)-3-dodecen-1-y1 (E)-2-butenoate without use of carcinogenic ethylene oxide and HMPA is described. By coupling of the tetrahydropyranyl (THP) ether of 3-butyn-1-ol with 1-bromooctane with sodamide in liquid ammonia, 12-(2-tetrahydropyranyloxy)-9-dodecyne was obtained; subsequent hydrolysis and semihydrogenation afforded (Z)-3-dodecen-1-ol. The alcohol was then reacted with crotonyl chloride to give the desired crotonate with a total yield of 29. Read More