Zhao X1, Wu Z, Ning S, Liang S, Wang D, Hou X.
Opt Express. 2011 Aug 15;19(17):16126-31. doi: 10.1364/OE.19.016126.Lasing from a planar waveguide with the blend of Polystyrene(PS): Poly-methylmethacrylate(PMMA) doped with tris(8-hydroxyquinolinato)aluminum(Alq(3)) and 4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-tert-butyl-6(1,1,7,7-tetramethyljulolidyl-9-enyl)-4H-pyran(DCJTB) was investigated. Due to phase separation of the blend of PS:PMMA during the solvent evaporation process, a waveguide with granular surface was obtained, which has 2D island-like nanostructures with diameters ranging between 200 and 400 nm and heights at about 25 nm. Read More