Brown DA1, Ren WY, Khorlin A, Lesiak K, Conklin D, Watanabe KA, Seidman MM, George J.
J Invest Dermatol. 1998 Apr;110(4):428-37.We have found that several aliphatic and alicyclic diols induce melanogenesis in cultured S91 mouse melanoma cells and normal human epidermal melanocytes (NHEM). In addition, these compounds induce melanogenesis when applied to guinea pig skin, with transfer of melanin to keratinocytes and formation of "supranuclear caps," as occurs in naturally pigmented skin. The relative order of potency of some of these diols in NHEM is 5-norbornene-2,2-dimethanol > 3,3-dimethyl-1,2-butanediol > cis-1,2-cyclopentanediol > 2,3-dimethyl-2,3-butanediol > 1,2-propanediol. Read More